Home Articles Muzzleloader State Regulations

Muzzleloader Regulations by State

ak
al
ar
az
ca
co
ct
de
fl
ga
hi
ia
id
il
in
ks
ky
la
ma
md
me
mi
mn
mo
ms
mt
nc
nd
ne
nh
nj
nm
nv
ny
oh
ok
or
pa
ri
sc
sd
tn
tx
ut
va
vt
wi
wv
wy

Click on your state (above)

Alabama

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzleloaders and Black Powder handguns: .40 caliber or larger, provided further it shall be illegal to possess other firearms while hunting with muzzleloaders during the special muzzleloader season.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) November 12th-16th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.outdooralabama.com/

Alaska

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“You may not use a muzzleloader for big game unless it is a shoulder mounted long gun and is at least .45 caliber or larger with a barrel that is either rifled or smooth bore and discharges a single projectile. Equipped with a scope or using smokeless powder during any permitted, registered, or special season hunt for muzzleloader only.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) August 1st-December 31st
(Bear) September 4th-May 31st
(Moose) September 1st-January 31st
(Caribou) November 1st-30th and December 1st- January 31st
(Muskox) January 1st- March 15th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/

Arizona

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“A Muzzle-loading rifle means a firearm intended to be fired from the shoulder, incapable of firing fixed ammunition, having a single barrel and single chamber, and loaded thru the muzzle with black powder or synthetic black powder and single projectile.”
“A Muzzle-loading handgun means a firearm intended to be fired from the hand, incapable of firing fixed ammunition, having a single barrel and single chamber, and loaded through the muzzle with black powder or synthetic black powder and a single projectile.”
“Note, that single chamber rules out any Cap and Ball rifle or revolver so carrying your faithful old colt or Remington replica would be deemed illegal.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) October 26th- December 31st
(Elk) September 27th- December 31st
(Pronghorn) September 6th-15th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.azgfd.gov/

Arkansas

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzleloading rifles must have a barrel at least 18 inches long and be at least a .40 caliber. Magnifying sights may be used. The use of shot is not legal. Legal Muzzleloaders are loaded through the muzzle and are not capable of firing a cartridge. Electronic pulse ignition muzzleloaders are allowed. Muzzle loading handguns must have a barrel at lest 9 inches long and be at least a .45 caliber if they shoot conical bullets (200 grains or heavier). If round balls are used, the minimum caliber is .530. A hunter may carry a muzzleloading handgun of any caliber as backup to a muzzleloading rifle.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) October 19th-27th
(Bear) October 19th-27th
(Deer 2nd Season) December Dates Vary
This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.agfc.com/

California

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Wheel-lock, matchlock, flintlock or percussion type, including “in-line” muzzleloading rifles using black powder or equivalent black powder substitute, including pellets, with a single projectile loaded from the muzzle and at least .40 caliber in designation. A “projectile” is defined as any bullet, ball, sabot, slug, buckshot or other device, which is expelled from a firearm through a barrel by force. Under the provisions of a muzzleloading rifle only tag, hunters may only possess muzzleloading rifles as described in subsection, equipped with open or “peep” type sights only. Under the provisions of a muzzleloading rifle/archery tag, hunters may only possess muzzleloading rifles with sights as described above. Upon application to the department, the department may issue a Disabled Muzzleloader Scope Permit, free of any charge or fee, to any person with a physical disability, as defined which prevents him/her from being able to focus on the target utilizing muzzleloading rifles equipped with open or “peep” sights. The Disabled Muzzleloader Scope Permit authorizes the disabled hunter to use a 1X scope on a muzzleloading rifle.”

a. Only legal muzzleloaders allowed in muzzleloading seasons.
b. In-line muzzleloaders are legal.
c. Must be single-barrel that fires a single round-ball or conical projectile.
d. To hunt deer, pronghorn or bear, they must be minimum of a .40 caliber.
e. To hunt elk or moose, they must be minimum of a .50 caliber.
f. From a .40 caliber to a .50 caliber, bullets must weigh minimum 170 grains.
g. If greater than a .50 caliber, bullets must weigh minimum 210 grains.
h. Shotshell primers are legal.
i. Pelletized powder systems prohibited in muzzleloading seasons.
j. Cannot be loaded from the breech in muzzleloading seasons.
k. Only open or iron sights allowed in muzzleloading seasons. Fiber optics and fluorescent paint incorporated into or on open or iron sights are legal. Scopes or any sighting device using artificial light, batteries and electronic gear are prohibited during muzzleloading seasons.
l. Sabots are prohibited in muzzleloading seasons. Cloth patches are not sabots.
m. Smokeless powder prohibited in muzzleloading seasons. Black powder and black-powder substitutes are legal.
n. Electronic or battery-powered devices cannot be incorporated into or attached to muzzleloader during muzzleloading seasons.

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) November 10th- December 12th
(Elk) September 8th- November 4th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.dfg.ca.gov/

Colorado

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzle-loading rifles and smoothbore muskets, provided the minimum caliber shall be forty (.40) for all big game except elk and moose. The minimum caliber for elk and moose shall be fifty (.50). All muzzle-loading rifles and smoothbore muskets from forty (.40) caliber through fifty (.50) caliber must use a bullet of at least 170 grains in weight. All muzzle-loading rifles and smoothbore muskets greater than fifty (.50) caliber must use bullets of at least 210 grains in weight.”

a. During the muzzle-loading firearms seasons for deer, elk, pronghorn, bear, and moose only lawful muzzle-loaders and smoothbore muskets may be used by muzzle-loading license holders.
b. During the muzzle-loading firearm seasons for deer, elk, pronghorn, bear, and moose the following additional restrictions apply:
1.Propellent/Powders: The use of pelletized powder systems and smokeless powder are prohibited.
2. Projectiles: Sabots are prohibited. For the purposes of this regulation cloth patches are not sabots.
3. Loading: Firearms must load from the muzzle. Firearms, which can be loaded from the breech, are prohibited.
4. Sights: Any muzzle-loading rifle or smoothbore musket with any sighting device other than open or “iron” sights is prohibited.
5. Electronic or battery-powered devices cannot be incorporated into or attached to the muzzle-loading firearm.

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) September 14th-22nd and October 12th-20th
(Elk) September 14th-22nd and October 12th-20th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://wildlife.state.co.us/

Connecticut

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“During Muzzleloader Deer Seasons, a muzzleloader means a rifle or shotgun, .45 caliber minimum, incapable of firing a self-contained cartridge, using powder and a single projectile loaded separately at the muzzle end. Shotgun converters and telescopic sights are legal. Restrictions on the use of smoothbore muzzleloaders for hunting small game and waterfowl are the same as those for shotguns. Restrictions on the use of muzzleloading rifles for hunting small game are the same as those for rifles, except that on state-owned land, up to a .36 caliber muzzleloading rifle using round ball ammunition only may be used. A percussion/in-line muzzleloader with a cap or primer installed, an electronic muzzleloader with a battery installed or a flintlock muzzleloader having powder in the pan is considered a loaded firearm.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) December 11th- December 31st

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.ct.gov/

Delaware

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“It is unlawful to transport a muzzleloader with a charge in the barrel unless the cap or primer is removed and the gun is enclosed in a case or the striking mechanism is removed. A muzzleloader no smaller than .42 caliber.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) October 5th-13th and January 28th- February 2nd

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/

Florida

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“The legal types of guns for use during the muzzleloading gun season use black powder or a non-nitro-cellulose substitute and are fired by wheel lock, flintlock or percussion cap ignition (including 209 primers). Muzzleloaders using smokeless powder, those that can be loaded from the breech or those with self-contained cartridge ammunition capabilities are not legal during this period. Shotgun or 209 type primers are considered percussion caps and are legal to use.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) September 1st-14th / October 20th-November 2nd / November 17th-30th
December 1st-7th / February 18th-24th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://myfwc.com/

Georgia

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“A 44-caliber or larger muzzleloader and shotguns muzzleloaders 20 gauge or larger. Scopes are legal.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) October 13th-19th
(Bear) October 13th-19th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.georgiawildlife.com/

Hawaii

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzleloading rifle or shotgun" means a rifle or shotgun that must be loaded through the discharged end of the firearm or the barrel and that employs flint or percussion ignition. Muzzleloading rifles and shotguns must have a shoulder stock and a barrel length of at least eighteen inches. Muzzleloading rifles, with less than a 44 caliber (0.44") bore diameter regardless of mode of ignition. Breech loaders are prohibited during “muzzleloader only” specified hunts A muzzleloading firearm is considered unloaded if the ignition component (primer, percussion cap or priming powder) is removed from the ignition system, and for flintlocks the powder is removed from the pan, the frizzen is up and the cock (hammer) is down. “Cartridge firing” and muzzleloading" firearms must be unloaded just as described above to enter any safety zone or to transport the firearm in a vehicle within the hunting area. However, when crossing or entering a public highway or exiting a public hunting area, all fire-able cartridges and muzzleloader firing components must be removed from the firearm including powder and projectile(s).”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Axis Deer on Lanai) 1st and 2nd Saturdays in March
(Mouflon Sheep Lanai) 2nd and 3rd Saturday in August
(Black Tail Deer Kauai) Saturday and Sunday prior to the last weekend in October
(Wild Goats Kauai) Saturdays and Sundays from the Middle of July to the Middle of September


This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://dlnr.hawaii.gov/

Idaho

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“In any hunt, including general any-weapon seasons and short-range hunts, it is unlawful to pursue or kill big game animals with any muzzleloading rifle or musket that is less than .45 caliber for deer, pronghorn, mountain lion or gray wolf; or is less than .50 caliber for elk, moose, bighorn sheep, mountain goat or black bear. Muzzleloader-Only Season Any person hunting in a muzzleloader-only season, including controlled hunts, must have in their possession a license with a muzzleloader permit validation. During a muzzleloader-only season, it is illegal to pursue or kill a big game animal with any firearm, muzzleloading pistol, or weapon other than a muzzleloading rifle or musket. In addition, the muzzleloading rifle or musket must be: Capable of being loaded only from the muzzle. Equipped with only open or peep sights. Scopes and any electronics are prohibited. Except hunters with a visual disability may apply for a permit to use no magnifying scopes. Loaded only with loose black powder, loose Pyrodex, or other loose synthetic black powder. Pelletized powders are prohibited.”

“Muzzleloaders equipped with a single or double barrel. Loaded with a projectile that is within .010 inch of the bore diameter. Sabots are prohibited. Loaded with a patched round ball or conical non-jacketed projectile comprised wholly of lead or lead alloy. Equipped only with a flint, percussion cap or musket cap. 209 primers are prohibited. Equipped with an ignition system in which any portion of the cap is exposed or visible when the weapon is cocked and ready to fire.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) September 8th-30th and November 10th-December 14th
(Elk) September 1st-31st /October 15th-31st /November 10th- December 31st
(Antelope) August 15th-October 24th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://fishandgame.idaho.gov/

Illinois

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Single or double-barreled muzzleloading rifles of at least .45 caliber shooting a single projectile through a barrel of at least sixteen inches in length. A muzzleloading firearm is defined as a firearm that is incapable of being loaded from the breech end. Only black powder or a “black powder substitute” such as Pyrodex may be used. Modern smokeless powders are an approved black powder substitute only in muzzleloading firearms that are specifically designed for their use. Percussion caps (shotgun primers are legal), wheel-lock, matchlock or flint type ignition only may be used, except the Connecticut Valley Arms electronic ignition shall be legal to use.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) December 5th-8th and 13th-15th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.dnr.illinois.gov/

Indiana

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzleloading long guns and muzzleloading handguns are legal during the firearms and special antlerless seasons. Only muzzleloading firearms are legal during the muzzleloader season. Hunters may carry more than one type of legal firearm when hunting during the firearms and special antlerless seasons only. Muzzleloading firearms must be .44 caliber or larger, loaded with a single bullet of at least .357 caliber. Saboted bullets are allowed, provided the bullet is .357 caliber or larger. A muzzleloading firearm must be capable of being loaded from only the muzzle. Multiple-barrel muzzleloading long guns are allowed. Muzzleloading handguns are allowed. The muzzleloading handgun must be single shot, .50 caliber or larger, loaded with bullets at least .44 caliber and have a barrel at least 12 inches long, measured from the base of the breech plug excluding tangs and other projections to the end of the barrel, including the muzzle crown.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) December 8th-23rd

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/

Iowa

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Flintlock or percussion cap muzzleloading rifles or muskets between .44 and .775 caliber shooting single projectiles; muzzleloading pistols .44 caliber or larger with a minimum barrel length of 4 inches and no shoulder stock or long barrel modifications. Muzzleloaders equipped with electronic ignition are not allowed. There are no restrictions on in-line or disk-type muzzleloaders. Riflescopes may also be used.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) October 13th-21st and December 17th- January 10th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.iowadnr.gov/

Kansas

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzleloading rifles or muskets that can be loaded only through the front of the firing chamber with separate components and that fire a bullet of .39 inches diameter or larger; muzzleloading single-barrel pistols having a barrel length of 10 inches or greater that can be loaded only through the front of the barrel with separate components and are .45 caliber or larger. Only hard-cast solid lead, conical lead, or saboted bullets weighing 210 grains or greater may be used with muzzle- loading pistols.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) September 17th-30th and November 28th- December 9th
(Antelope) October 1st-8th
(Elk) September 1st-30th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.kdwpt.state.ks.us/

Kentucky

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzleloading rifles or handguns of any caliber, with flint or percussion ignition (including in-lines), shooting round balls, conical bullets or saboted bullets. Muzzleloading firearms equipped with open sights or telescopic sights (scopes). Muzzleloading shotguns no larger than 10-gauge, shooting round balls, conical bullets or saboted bullets. A muzzleloading rifle of .50 caliber or larger when hunting elk.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) Oct. 20-21 and Dec. 8-16

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.kdfwr.state.ky.us/

Louisiana

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Legal Primitive Firearms for Special Primitive Firearms Season include: rifles or pistols, .44 caliber minimum, or shotguns 10 gauge or smaller, all of which must load exclusively from the muzzle or cap and ball cylinder, use black powder or approved substitute only, take ball or bullet projectile only, including saboted bullets, including primitive firearms known as “in line” primitive firearms, and Single shot, breech loading rifles, .35 caliber or larger, having an exposed hammer that use metallic cartridges loaded either with black powder or modern smokeless powder. All of the above may be fitted with magnified scopes.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) October 13th- January 31st

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.wlf.louisiana.gov/

Maine

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Only muzzleloading firearms that are 40 caliber or greater and capable of firing only a single charge. Muzzleloading firearm means a firearm that is capable of being loaded only through the muzzle; is ignited by a matchlock, wheel lock, flintlock, or caplock, including an in-line caplock or shotgun or rifle primer mechanism; has a rifled or smooth-bored barrel capable of firing only a single charge; propels a ball, bullet, or charge of shot; and may have any type of sights, including scopes.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) November 26th- December 8th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: https://www.maine.gov/ifw/

Maryland

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzleloading rifles may be used to hunt all game mammals (except beavers, weasels, mink, muskrats, and river otters), turkeys during the fall season only, quail, pheasants, ruffed grouse, crows, nutria, and woodchucks. Muzzleloading shotguns may be used to hunt all game birds, game mammals (except beavers, weasels, mink, muskrats, and river otters, nutria, and woodchucks.) Muzzleloaders used for deer and bear hunting must be at least .40 caliber in size and use not less than 60 grains of black powder (or a black powder equivalent) and propel one all-lead, lead alloy or copper soft-nosed or expanding bullet or ball at a single discharge. Sabot loads are legal. It is permissible to hunt deer with a muzzleloading rifle or muzzleloading shotgun in all counties. Telescopic sights may be used on a muzzleloader. Flintlock, percussion cap, and inline ignition muzzleloaders are legal hunting devices. To be considered a muzzleloader, a rifle, shotgun or handgun must be loaded from the muzzle, and a revolver must be loaded from the front of the cylinder. Muzzleloaders are considered unloaded if the ignition system is disabled by removal of the cap, primer, battery, or primer powder. Muzzleloading handguns (both single shot and revolvers) may be used to hunt deer in all counties. Muzzleloading handguns used for deer and bear hunting must be at least .40 caliber in size with a barrel length of at least 6 inches and use not less than 40 grains of black powder (or a black powder equivalent) and propel one all-lead, lead alloy or copper soft-nosed or expanding bullet or ball at a single discharge.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Sika Deer) October 18th-20th / 22nd-27th/ December 15th-29th
(White Tail) October 18th-20th and December 27th-29th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.dnr.state.md.us/

Massachusetts

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“During the "primitive firearms" (muzzleloader) part of the open deer season, muzzle-loading primitive firearms must be of a type similar to those in common use during the mid-1800s, and which meet the following criteria: loaded from the muzzle, fired from the shoulder, has either a caplock or flintlock ignition system.

So-called "in-line" ignition systems which have a horizontal firing mechanism instead of a traditional hammer system are lawful, provided they meet all other provisions of these requirements; may be either rifled bore or smoothbore, is of a caliber not less than .44 nor greater than .775, and has a barrel length of 18 inches or longer, is used only with black powder or a synthetic substance such as "Pyrodex" which is approved for competitive muzzle-loading shoots by the National Muzzle Loading Rifle Association, contains only one usable barrel; in the case of primitive firearms with double barrels, one barrel shall be made inoperative by removal of the nipple and hammer, is used with only a single lead projectile, including a round ball, pumpkin ball, Minie or Maxi bullet, or other spherical or conical projectile (i.e., no buckshot). Sabot rounds are lawful, regardless of composition, as are jacketed or belted projectiles, muzzle-loading firearms which use shotgun (209) primers are lawful, provided that the firearm meets all other provisions of these requirements; conventional sights, including telescopic sights, are lawful on muzzle-loading firearms; however, laser sights or any other sights which project a beam are unlawful.”

Firearms with a break-open ("hinge action") breech are lawful.Primitive firearms used during the "shotgun" part of the open deer season, or for the hunting of black bear or wild turkey, must meet the above criteria, except:

(a) firearms with a break-open ("hinge action") breech are lawful;
(b) firearms with more than one operable barrel are lawful; and
(c) for the hunting of wild turkey, must be smoothbore and may be used only with shot not larger than #4 nor smaller than #6,

“All other muzzle-loading long guns of any type and design may be used during the regulated open season for other species, provided that only shoulder-fired smoothbore muzzleloaders may be used in those areas and at those times when hunting is restricted to shotguns. Shoulder-fired muzzleloaders with a rifled bore may be used when rifles are lawful for hunting, except when rifles are restricted to those not larger than .22 caliber long rifle. Muzzleloading shotguns greater than 10 gauge (.775 caliber) may not be used for hunting. Refer to the Plain Language summary for hunting with handguns for information concerning muzzleloading pistols.”

“Some modern-design muzzle-loading firearms may not be "antique firearms" under state or federal law, and may require certain firearms permits or licenses. Check with the Massachusetts Department of Public Safety or U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives if you are uncertain.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) December 16th-31st

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.mass.gov/dfwele/

Michigan

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“During the December muzzleloading seasons, muzzleloading deer hunters can carry afield and use only a crossbow (except in the Upper Peninsula) or a muzzleloading rifle, a muzzleloading shotgun, or a black powder handgun loaded with black powder or a commercially manufactured black powder substitute. Only certified hunters with a disability may use a crossbow or a modified bow during the muzzleloading season in the Upper Peninsula.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) December 7th-23rd

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.michigan.gov/dnr

Minnesota

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Only open and “peep” type sights (including those with fiber optic material) are legal during the muzzleloader deer season. Scopes, including holographic or “red dot” scopes, are not legal for this season, except for use of non-magnifying scopes by special permit for persons with medically verified visual impairments.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) November 24th- December 15th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/

Mississippi

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

"Primitive firearms" for the purpose of hunting deer, are defined as single or double barreled muzzle-loading rifles of at least .38 caliber; single shot, breech loading, cartridge rifles (.35 caliber or larger) and replicas, reproductions or reintroductions of those type rifles; and single or double-barreled muzzle-loading, shotguns with single ball or slug. All muzzle-loading Primitive Firearms must use black powder or a black powder substitute with either percussion caps or #209 shotgun primers or flintlock ignition. Breech loading single shot rifles must have exposed hammers and use metallic cartridges. Cartridges may be loaded either with black powder or modern smokeless powder. Scopes of any magnification are allowed on primitive weapons.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) November 5th-February 15th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.mdwfp.com/

Missouri

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzleloading with a cap and ball must have a .40 caliber or larger and capable of firing only a single projectile at one discharge; in-lines and scopes are allowed. Multiple-barrel muzzleloading or cap and ball firearms and/or larger, are allowed and may be carried in addition to a muzzleloading or cap and ball rifle.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) December 21st-31st

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://mdc.mo.gov/

Montana

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Must not be capable of being loaded from the breech of the barrel may not be loaded with any pre-prepared paper or metallic cartridges; must be charged with black powder, pyrodex, or an equivalent; must be ignited by a percussion, flintlock, matchlock, or Wheelock mechanism; must be a minimum of .45 caliber; may have no more than two barrels; and must only use plain lead projectiles, not sabots or similar projectiles.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) September 15th-25th
(Elk) September 1st- October 14th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://fwp.mt.gov/

Nebraska

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzleloading rifles .44-caliber or larger Muzzleloading muskets .62-caliber or larger, firing a single slug Muzzleloading rifles, muzzleloading handguns and muskets as defined above. Sights -- It is unlawful to use any electrical device to amplify natural light or to project a light beam or image to a target, including night-vision or infrared scopes and laser sights. Red-dot and illuminated reticle sights and scopes are permitted. Magnifying and variable-power scopes are allowed.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) December1st-31st
(Deer Desoto) October 20th-21st and December 8th-9th
(Antelope) September15th-30th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://outdoornebraska.ne.gov/

Nevada

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“During a type of hunt that is restricted to muzzle-loading firearms, a person may hunt a big gam mammal only with a muzzle-loading rifle or a muzzle loading musket, and may use only a lead ball, a lead bullet, a semi-jacketed bullet or a metal alloy bullet that expands. The use of smokeless powder is prohibited. Only black powder or a black powder substitute such as Pyrodex or Triple 7 may be used as a propellant. A sabot round may be used. The muzzle-loading rifle, muzzle-loading musket must have the following characteristics: A wheel lock, matchlock, or flintlock ignition system, or a percussion ignition system that uses a prier or percussion cap; a single barrel of caliber.45 or larger; and open sights or peep sights. The use of a sight that is operated or powered by a battery, electronics or a radioactive isotope such as tritium is prohibited. The muzzle-loading rifle or the muzzle-loading musket is deemed to be not loaded if the priming compound or element, such as the priming powder or the unfired primer or percussion cap is removed. During a type of hunt that is restricted to muzzle-loading firearms, it is unlawful for a person hunting under the authority of a tag for such a hunt to carry in the field a firearm or longbow and arrow except for a muzzle-loading rifle or a muzzle-loading musket with the characteristics set forth above or a flintlock or percussion handgun. However, it is unlawful to use such a handgun to hunt a big game mammal. During a type of hunt in which the use of any legal weapon is authorized by a regulation of the commission, a person may hunt a big game mammal with a muzzle-loading rifle or muzzle-loading musket only if the muzzle-loading rifle or muzzle-loading musket has a single barrel of a caliber of .45 or larger and open sights, peep sights or rifle scope. The person uses a lead ball, a lead bullet, a semi-jacketed bullet or a metal alloy bullet that expands. A sabot round may be used. The muzzle-loading rifle or muzzle-loading musket is deemed to be not loaded if the priming compound or element, such as the priming powder unfired primer or percussion.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) September 10th-30th
(Elk) September 17th-November 5th
(Antelope) September 25th- October 4th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.ndow.org/

New Hampshire

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“To hunt deer during the muzzleloader season, a person needs a Regular NH Hunting License, plus a Muzzleloader License. A muzzleloader is defined as a single barrel, single shot firearm (40 caliber or greater) that can only be loaded from the muzzle. Only one deer may be taken with a muzzleloader or firearm with the firearm tag. No person shall have in possession, while taking deer during the muzzleloader season, more than one muzzleloading rifle and one muzzleloading handgun.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) November 2nd-12th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.wildlife.state.nh.us/

New Jersey

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“A muzzleloader is considered unloaded when, in the case of a percussion cap rifle or shotgun, the percussion cap has been removed from the nipple; in the case of a flintlock, when the powder is removed from the pan and a boot or cover made of nonmetallic material is placed over the frizzen. Hunters using or possessing any shotgun slug in the field during the deer seasons must have a shotgun with adjustable open iron or peep sights or a scope affixed to the shotgun. Telescopic sights of any magnification (scope power) are permitted for deer hunting on all firearms, including muzzleloader rifles and smoothbore muzzleloader shotguns. No permits are required for telescopic sights. No less than a .44 caliber.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) October 22nd-December 31st
(Bear) November 10th- March 15th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.state.nj.us/

New Mexico

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzleloader: Includes rifles and shotguns in which the charge and projectile are loaded through the muzzle. Only black powder, Pyrodex or an equivalent substitute may be used. Smokeless powder is illegal. Legal muzzleloading shotguns are those capable of being fired from the shoulder only. Muzzleloaders may use in-line ignition, pelleted powder, sabots, belted bullets and scopes.”

“Restricted Muzzleloader: (for specific deer hunts) any muzzleloading rifle (including a smoothbore flintlock or musket) using open sights in which the charge and projectile are loaded through the muzzle. Only black powder, Pyrodex or an equivalent substitute may be used. Smokeless powder, in-line ignition, pelleted powder, sabots, belted bullets, multiple projectiles and scopes are illegal.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) September 24th-30th
(Elk) October 5th-9th
(Antelope) August 10th-13thand September 6th-9th
(Ibex) December 6th-19th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.wildlife.state.nm.us/

New York

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“A muzzleloading rifle or pistol (including smoothbore muzzleloaders) loaded through the muzzle, shooting a single projectile and having a bore of .44 inches or larger. Double-barreled muzzleloaders and percussion cap revolvers are not legal during the special muzzleloading season. If you hunt with a single-shot muzzleloading pistol, you must have a New York State Pistol License. Hunters shall not have in their possession, or be accompanied by a person who has in his or her possession, a bow or firearm other than the legal muzzleloading firearm. You may use fiber-optic sights or scopes on a muzzleloading firearm at any time.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) October 13th-December 18th
(Bear) September 15th-December 31st

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.dec.ny.gov/outdoor/hunting.html

North Carolina

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzleloading pistols are not legal for hunting, but all Muzzleloader rifles and Shotguns are.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) September 28th- November 22nd

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.ncwildlife.org/

North Dakota

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzleloading long guns of .45 caliber or larger, and handguns .50 caliber or larger, loaded through the muzzle, with flint or percussion ignition, firing black powder or black powder substitutes are legal. Smokeless powders are not legal. Telescopic sights are prohibited. No magnification (1x) scopes are legal. Muzzleloading rifles or single shot muzzleloader pistols must be .50 caliber or larger to hunt Elk/Moose/Sheep. For Deer muzzleloading rifles of .45 caliber or larger, are legal for deer.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) November 30th-December 16th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit:
http://gf.nd.gov/

Ohio

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“A muzzleloading rifle must be .38 caliber or larger and muzzleloading shotgun must be 10-gauge or smaller using one ball per barrel.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) Early season October 15th-20th Late season January 5th- 8th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/Home/tabid/4414/

Oklahoma

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzleloading rifles, muzzleloading shotguns or muzzleloading pistols: .40 caliber or larger rifle or pistol, or 20-gauge or larger shotgun, firing a single slug or ball that is loaded from the muzzle.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) October 27th- November 4th
(Bear) October 27th- November 4th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.wildlifedepartment.com/

Oregon

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Scopes (permanent and detachable), and sights that use batteries, artificial light or energy are not allowed during muzzleloader-only seasons and 600 series hunts where there is a weapon restriction of shotgun/muzzleloader only or archery/muzzleloader only, except for visually impaired hunters who have a visual acuity of 20/200 with lenses or visual field of 20 degrees. Open and peep sights made from alloys, plastic, or other materials that do not have the properties described above are legal sights. Fiber optics and fluorescent paint incorporated into or on open or iron sights are legal.”

“It is illegal to hunt with non-lead bullets, jacketed bullets, sabots and bullets with plastic or synthetic bases during muzzleloader only seasons and 600 series hunts where there is a weapon restriction of shotgun/muzzleloader only or archery/muzzleloader only. Conical lead or lead alloy bullets with a length that does not exceed twice the diameter and lead or lead alloy round balls used with cloth, paper or felt patches are allowed.”

“It is illegal to hunt with pelletized powders or propellants during muzzleloader-only seasons and 600 series hunts where there is a weapon restriction of shotgun/muzzleloader only or archery/muzzleloader only. Granular (loose) black powder and black powder substitutes are the only legal propellants during muzzleloader-only seasons and 600 series hunts where there is a weapon restriction of shotgun/muzzleloader only or archery/muzzleloader only.”

“Muzzleloading firearms with revolving actions are prohibited during muzzleloader-only seasons and 600 series hunts where there is a weapon restriction of shotgun/muzzleloader only or archery/muzzleloader only.”

“For muzzleloader-only seasons and 600 series hunts where there is a weapon restriction of shotgun/muzzleloader only or archery/muzzleloader only, the muzzleloader must have an open ignition.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) September. 28th –December 8th
(Elk) August 1st – January 31st.
(Antelope) August 25th- September 9th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.dfw.state.or.us/

Pennsylvania

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“For the General Muzzleloader season any .44 caliber muzzleloader rifle or a .50 caliber handgun with an ignition system traditional or modern flintlock, caplock, matchlock, in-line or wheel-lock style. Scopes and fiber optics are permitted as well as any ball, bullet and sabot rounds.”

“For the Flintlock Muzzleloader season a .44 caliber flintlock rifle or .50 caliber flintlock handgun. Any ball or bullet or sabot round can be used as a projectile. No scopes or fiber optic sights are allowed.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) General Muzzleloader October 13th-20th and Flintlock Muzzleloader December 26th-January 12th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.pgc.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/pgc/9106

Rhode Island

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Firearms for muzzleloader deer season are limited to .45 caliber or larger. Using percussion caplock, flintlock, and in-line ignition systems using percussion caps, rifle, or shotshell primers. Only single barrel or double barrel firearms that must be loaded from the muzzle are allowed. Ammunition for muzzleloader deer season is limited to a single projectile, including round ball, or maxi ball type projectiles. Sabot rounds for muzzleloader firearms are permitted using lead, jacketed or solid copper bullets according to manufacturer’s specifications. Powder is limited to manufacturers’ specifications. Telescopic sights are permitted. Possession of modern shotgun shotshells while hunting is prohibited. A muzzleloader is considered unloaded when the percussion cap, primer or pan powder is removed.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) November 3rd-25th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.dem.ri.gov/index.htm

South Carolina

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“For Special Primitive Weapons Seasons, primitive weapons include bow and arrow, crossbow and muzzle-loading shotguns (20 gauge or larger) and rifles (.36 caliber or larger) with open or peep sights or scopes, which use black powder or a black powder substitute that does not contain nitro-cellulose or nitro-glycerin components as the propellant charge; there are no restrictions on ignition systems (e.g. Flintstone, percussion cap, shotgun primer, disk, electronic, etc.). During primitive weapons season, no revolving rifles are permitted.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) October 1st-10th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.dnr.sc.gov/

South Dakota

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“In seasons restricted to muzzleloading rifles, telescopic sights are not allowed. Telescopic sights are those sights that utilize magnification. Muzzleloading pistols are not legal. No person may hunt, shoot, shoot at, wound, kill, or pursue any big game animal with any muzzle loading rifle which is less than .44 caliber.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) December 1st- January 15th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://gfp.sd.gov/

Tennessee

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzleloading firearms (rifles or handguns) must be larger than a .36 caliber.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) Nov. 3rd-16th
(Elk) Oct 15th -19th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.tn.gov/twra/

Texas

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“A Muzzleloader is defined as any firearm that is loaded only through the muzzle. Note: A cap and ball firearm in which the powder and ball are loaded into a cylinder is not a muzzleloader. Muzzleloader deer seasons are restricted to muzzleloading firearms only.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Whitetail and Mule deer) Jan 7th- 20th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/

Utah

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“To hunt big game with a muzzleloader, your muzzleloader must meet all of the following requirements:

It can be loaded only from the muzzle and must have open sights, peep sights or a fixed non-magnifying 1x scope. It can have only one barrel, and the barrel must be at least 18 inches long.

It cannot be capable of firing more than once without being reloaded.

The powder and bullet — or powder, sabot and bullet — cannot be bonded together as one unit for loading.

It must be loaded with black powder or a black powder substitute. The black powder or black power substitute cannot contain smokeless powder, but may contain some nitrocellulose.

To hunt big game, you must use a lead or expanding bullet or projectile that’s at least 40 caliber in size.

If you’re hunting deer or pronghorn, your bullet must be 130 grains or heavier, or your sabot must be 170 grains or heavier.

If you’re hunting elk, moose, bison, bighorn sheep or Rocky Mountain goats, you must use a 210-grain or heavier bullet, or a sabot bullet that’s at least 240 grains.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) Sept. 26–Oct. 4
(Elk) Oct. 31–Nov. 8

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://wildlife.utah.gov/dwr/

Vermont

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Definition of a Muzzleoading Firearm: A single-shot barrel rifle or smoothbore firearm with a minimum barrel length of 20 inches, designed to be fired from the shoulder or a single-point pistol with a minimum barrel length of 10 inches. Both rifle and pistol must be incapable of being loaded from the breach without the use of tools, and must have a minimum bore diameter of .43 inches and an ignition system traditional or modern flintlock, caplock, matchlock, in-line or wheellock style. Black Powder or other suitable not-smokeless propellant, and a single ball or bullet. The Muzzloading firearm shall be considered loaded when it has been charged with powder and projectile and is primed or capped.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) December 7th –15th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.vtfishandwildlife.com/

Virginia

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Only muzzleloading firearms, .45 caliber or larger, loaded from the muzzle of the gun. Muzzleloading firearms must be single shot, capable of firing only a single bullet or saboted bullet (.38 caliber or larger). Flintlock, percussion, or electronic ignitions are permitted. It is unlawful to have in immediate possession any firearm other than a muzzleloading gun while hunting with a muzzleloader. (See exception for valid concealed handgun permit holders on page 18.) It is unlawful to use muzzleloading pistols. Must use at least 50 grains of black powder or black powder equivalent. Smokeless powder is allowed in muzzleloading firearms designed for it. Never use smokeless powder of any type in any quantity in a muzzle-loading firearm that is not specifically designed for it. Scopes are permitted. For the purposes of transportation in a vehicle, muzzleloading firearms are considered “unloaded” when all powder has been removed from the flashpan, or the percussion cap, primer, or battery has been removed from the firearm. For complete safety, shooting into soft ground should empty a muzzleloader”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) November 3rd-January 5th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.dgif.virginia.gov/

Washington

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Definitions of a Muzzleloader: A firearm that is loaded from the muzzle and uses black powder or a black powder substitute as recommended by the manufacturer for use in all muzzleloading firearms. A muzzleloading firearm shall be considered loaded if a powder charge and a projectile, either shot or single projectile are in the barrel and the barrel or breech is capped or primed. It is unlawful to hunt wildlife using a muzzleloading firearm that does not meet the following specifications. A muzzleloading shotgun or rifle must have a single or double barrel, rifled or smooth-bored A muzzleloading shotgun or rifle used for deer must be 40 caliber or larger Buckshot size #1 or larger may be used in a smoothbore of 60 caliber or larger for deer. A muzzleloading shotgun, rifle, or handgun used for all other big game must be 45 caliber or larger. Persons lawfully hunting small game with a double barrel, muzzleloading shotgun may keep both barrels loaded. A muzzleloading handgun must have a single or double barrel of at least eight inches, must be rifled, and must be capable of being loaded with forty-five grains or more of black powder or black powder substitute per the manufacturer's recommendations. A muzzleloading handgun used for big game must be 45 caliber or larger. A handgun designed to be used with black powder; including black powder percussion revolvers, can be used to hunt forest grouse, cottontail rabbits, and snowshoe hares. In addition to the above requirements, it is unlawful to participate (hunt) in a muzzleloading-hunting season using a firearm that does not meet the following specifications for a muzzleloader. As in the past sabots are allowed Any type of projectile is allowed. A modern handgun may be carried for personal protection Modern handguns cannot be used to hunt big game or dispatch wounded big game during a big game hunting season for muzzleloading firearms a Ignition is to be wheel lock, matchlock, flintlock, or percussion using original style percussion caps that fit on the nipple and are exposed to the eather "Exposed to the weather" means the percussion cap or the frizzen must be visible and not capable of being enclosed by an integral part of the weapon proper Primers designed to be used in modern cartridges are not legal. Sights must be open, peep, or of other open sight design Fiber optic sights are legal Telescopic sights or sights containing glass are prohibited It is unlawful to have any electrical device or equipment attached to a muzzleloading firearm while hunting. Those persons lawfully hunting Big-game with a double barrel muzzleloader may only keep one barrel loaded. Hunters with disabilities who meet the definition of being visually impaired in WAC 232-12-828 may receive a special use permit that would allow the use of scopes or other visual aids. A disabled hunter permit holder in possession of a special use permit that allows the use of a scope or visual aid may hunt game birds or game animals during muzzleloader seasons. Muzzleloading firearms used during a modern firearm season are not required to meet ignition, sight, or double barrel restrictions.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) September 15th -December 15th
(Elk) August 1st – January 20th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://wdfw.wa.gov/index.html

West Virginia

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“In the muzzleloader season, only single shot muzzleloaders, including “in-lines” of .38 caliber or larger are legal. Telescopic sights are legal. A firearm that has been converted into a muzzleloader by use of a plug, or a double-barreled or swivel barreled muzzleloader is illegal for deer hunting during the muzzleloader season.
When being transported in or on a vehicle, muzzleloaders will be considered unloaded: when uncapped; when the priming charge is removed from the pan; or if they have an electronic ignition, the battery must be removed.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) December 3rd-8th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit: http://www.wvdnr.gov/

Wisconsin

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“Muzzleloaders that are discharged from the shoulder must be at least .45 caliber if smoothbore and .40 caliber or larger if the barrel is rifled, and must be loaded with a single ball or slug to be legal for deer hunting. During the 10-day muzzleloader-only season (Nov. 26 – Dec. 5), muzzleloaders must have a solid threaded breech plug making them capable of being loaded only from the muzzle. Telescopic sights are legal to use on muzzleloaders during any firearm deer season, note: inline muzzleloaders are legal to use during the 10-day muzzleloader hunt with black powder or any black powder substitutes. Muzzleloaders may be used statewide in all areas open to hunting deer with guns.”

“Muzzleloading handguns must be .44 caliber or larger with a minimum barrel length of 7”, measured from muzzle to breech face, and fire a single projectile weighing 138 grains or more to be legal for deer hunting. Black powder revolvers are legal, but not for hunting deer during the 10-day muzzleloader-only season because they are capable of being loaded by the cylinder instead of the muzzle.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) November 26th-December 5th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit:
http://dnr.wi.gov/

Wyoming

Muzzleloader Regulations

Legal Description:

“For taking of bighorn sheep, elk moose, mountain goat, black bear, grizzly bear, deer, mountain lion, antelope or gray wolf by the use of a firearm a hunter shall use:
Any muzzle-loading rifle or muzzleloading pistol handgun of at least .40 caliber and firing a lead or expanding point bullet using a charge of at least 50 grains of black powder or its equivalent.”

General Muzzleloader Seasons
(Deer) October 29th-November 20th
(Antelope) October 1st- November 20th

This information is subject to change, for more information visit:
http://wgfd.wyo.gov/web2011/home.aspx